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We are loving hobby breeders and home to outstanding, healthy, well looked after Shar Pei. 
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Dexter - Barnsley
I would have absolutely no hesitation in buying a puppy from Sarah at Yuanpei again! Dexter my blue brushcoat boy is absolutely fantastic ....
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Yuanpei Shar Pei:
Bred with care, shown off with pride & owned with love! We have a variety of colours, including my favorite colour: Blue.
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Genetics behind the coat colour

We have recently passed a Breeding & Genetics course and found the genetics very interesting

Black-Liver
This most basic of all gene series is told by the colour of the nose, lips, eye rims and foot pads. All dogs regardless of the actual coat colour are either Black or Liver. Liver is recessive. A homozygous* (1) recessive liver animal will have all black coat colour produced by the action of other genes changed to liver. Basic eye colour in all dogs range from the deepest black - brown to amber, the recessive liver "points"* (2) gene will lighten whatever eye colour the dog have, thus a liver pointed animal cannot have the deepest brown- black eyes. Black is dominant but a heterozygous* (3) animal carrying the recessive for liver will show a slight amount of incomplete dominance of the black over the liver. These dogs will show a rustiness or burned look to coat at seasonal changes or hormone change time. These shadings have no pattern and come and go with coat changes, some only showing at birth. This rustiness is only obvious in black coat coloured animal--not being noticed on Yellow-Reds, etc.

Dilute
This strong recessive changes everything and is the only gene complex capable of changing the basic colour of the "Points" gene list above. Point colour on a dog can change with the action of sunshine, frostbite, injury, illness, stress or diet. You may have noticed that a dog's nose will "go pink" the day before a show. Some of these changes are temporary and some permanent. Usually if, say a nose has been damaged, lip, eye rim and pad colour remain to determine the true genotype of point colour. A black "Points" gene animal with recessive (homozygous) dilute will have all black points changed to a slate or dark blue. This coloration is so slight sometimes the animal only looks slightly "dusty". If black patterns are present, they are also changed to blue--thus, blue mask, blue trace marks, blue tipping and blue brindling. A liver "Points" animal will have all liver changed to flesh or pinkish for the points and a flat Isabella* or Weimaraner color in coat colour. All patterns will be Isabella* or Weimaraner coloured including masking, tipping, etc.

Dilute alters the colour of fawns and reds--giving a strange flatness to colours. Linked to the dilute gene is a blazing eye colour ranging from the lightest watery hazel- blue to flaming yellow. A dark eye cannot occur in the dilute animal. This dilute series of genes is very prevalent in breeds coming down from the original "temple dogs." Breeders in the Shar-Pei have not reported this series but it could occur or already has without being noticed. ( The first identified blue dog appeared in 1985*)

Yellow-Red*
(5) Two different types of yellow-red occur in the Shar-Pei. Both are recessive to pure all over black. The interaction of these two series of genes is complex and hard to understand. Black can be produced by breeding a dog from one type of yellow--red to a dog from the other yellow-red making it appear that the black is recessive is not. In this breeding, each series loses something allowing black to occur.

Sable Yellow-Red
This shimmering shaded colour is a popular colour in the breed. (It no longer is because of the inability of a conformation judges to determine if it is sable or patterned). Dogs of this colour can be born pure black and , when the hair grows, be a rich sable. Dogs can be born a creamy white and darken over. Sable is changeable--some animals changing all their lives. Sable red allows all the colourful patterns to show fully on the Shar-Pei. Black masks, black tipping, black trace marks, or possible black brindling. If a liver point gene is present, no black can occur--thus, liver masks, liver tippings and liver trace. Sable dogs can be coloured by the actions of the patterns or not. Sable dogs can be showing a full mask, full brindlings, full trace marks or full tipping will be a true sable animal, however...

Extension Yellow-Red
This series is also present in the Shar-Pei. A dog is much more evenly coloured. He will not change as much from birth as sable. Extension Yellow-Red is a strong series. Extension animals will not show any signs of patterns--thus no masking, no tipping, no traces, or no brindling. Sometimes only by breeding can you tell which type of yellow-red occurs in your animal. A Yellow-Red dog from either series can either be black pointed or liver nose "pointed". The liver point gene does not change the colour of the Yellow-Red. Patterns will occur in Liver, however, instead of black,, giving liver masking, tipping traces or brindling.

Colour and Paling These two series of genes work somewhat together giving the multitude of shades in both types of Yellow-Reds listed before--also they give the shades of colour in the pure chocolates. they do not affect pure black or pure white. In the Yellow-Reds, the colour of the Shar-Pei can range from almost a pure white-cream to a dark Irish Setter red mahogany. The sables can have the pattern gene-- the extensions cannot.

In general--the lightest, palest colours are more recessive and the darker, clearer ones are most dominant. In the chocolates, the colour can range from beige to a Cadbury’s colour.

Black and Tan or Tan Pointed A trouble maker in many self coloured breeds. The allele* (6) of the Yellow-Red series hides for many generations, making itself known as a complete surprise in the whelping box. This has remained to trouble Weimaraner's, Poodles, Labradors, Great Danes, and many, many others.

Tan pointed allele is recessive to black, sable , Yellow-Red, Agouti-Grey, and has a strange epistasis* (7) with the extension of Yellow-Red. Tan pointed animals have colourful tan pointed trim in the following specific places: sides of muzzle, above eyebrows, under throat latch, inside the ears, butterfly on chest, all four boots, around vent and under tail. This tan pointed trim can range in colour from almost silver to deepest red mahogany depending on colour and paling genes. Tan points are not in the same spot on the series inheritance as the sable Yellow-Red but occur with the extension Yellow-Red, however, are not obvious except to deepen the colour somewhat. Tan points occur in the black pointed animal or a liver pointed animal. In the liver, they are referred to usually as red and tan. Tan pointed animals being in the sable Yellow-Red series, can also have all the colourful patterns. Thus black mask can wipe out some of the head tan, black tippings can cover some of the muzzle, throat and chest trim and brindle can brindle all the tan pointed areas completely--giving a black brindle so desired in breeds like the Boston Terrier.

Patterns There is much disagreement with colour geneticists as to just how these are inherited but all agree the only colour animals coloured primarily from the sable Yellow-Red series--thus sable Yellow-Reds, Agouti ( wild ) or tan pointed animals can have these patterns. If an animal has both types of Yellow-Red, a small amount of pattern genes could show--mask just beyond the end of the muzzle or a slight "ghost brindling". Pure extension Yellow-Red will not have these patterns.

Black Mask Dominant and factored. Ranging from none to fully covering the whole head and ears. A mask giving expression to face and zIng to nose rolls is desirable in the Shar-Pei. It gives much expression to eyes and accents ears. Too much masking in the breed however could be undesirable. If a liver point gene is present, masking will occur in liver colour.

Black Tipping ( Or liver tipping if Liver Point) Black will tip and colour tips of hair.

Black Trace ( Or liver Trace if Liver Points) Black will tip and colour trace mark on head and midline.

Brindle It comes down from lines of extension Yellow-Red or Blacks as a true sable Yellow-Red cannot carry it without showing. Brindle needs a lovely base colour from the sable overlay with many degrees of tiger striping ranging from a few pencil lines to a zebra pattern. Agouti also makes a lovely base for brindle as in the Irish Wolfhounds. Brindle is dominant and can occur with or without black masking, etc. If a liver point gene is present, all brindle will occur in liver over fawn colourations.

Black and Liver--Chocolate. This series is a combination of the dominant allele from the sable Yellow-Red series and dominant black occurs. If a liver point gene is present, a true all over chocolate animal occurs. Black and Liver-Chocolate can and do carry any and all of the other Shar-Pei colours in the recessive--making a clean, all over black or chocolate coloration very hard to get. As with all good dominants, the dominant Black and dominant Liver-Chocolate are hard to get and keep. Recessives keep cropping up to slightly influence the dominant colour, giving off shadings, rustiness, etc. Test breeding your blacks into Chocolate lines could keep the liver point gene from making an appearance. But test breeding into fawn lines might not prove anything--one breeding might show all black but bred to a different type of fawn-red will recover some fawns. Pure black lines will be established in the future--also pure chocolate lines as in the Poodle--but this is a long time away. Black is not coloured by the actions of colour and paling genes, but chocolate is. Chocolates bred into the fawn lines might produce whole litters of liver pointed puppies (fawn) that will lack the expression that black points will give them. Chocolates also will have to keep extremely dark eyes in their lines as the liver point gene lightens the eyes. If a light eye is used to begin with, from a black dog, light yellow eyes could be produced. Deep amber is the eye colour to strive for in the chocolates. Dark coat also must be considered in the chocolates as a light coat colour could look "dead grassy" or dirty. Black or pure chocolates produced by breeding two Yellow-Reds (fawns) together will carry recessives for both types of Yellow-Red.

White Spotting A major problem in almost every registered breed on earth. It has been said that not a dog alive anywhere does not have some white hairs somewhere. White spotting is so important in all breeds. Some depend on it for their "flash", some need the symmetry of white spotting, some desire the rakishness it gives, many others just tolerate a small amount of it and some brand it a "no-no" under all conditions.
All White Spotting is Recessive This must be remembered in all breedings. Geneticists have argued about this inheritance forever. Author, Little, lists it as one big sliding inheritance. Whitney divides in into at least two series. Others list many alleles of the same series. I will list it as I have observed it in over 500 breedings working with it. There seems to be some crossover between these two series

Self and Irish Spotting. Starts out as a few chest hairs or white under pastern. Develops more chest spotting, white climbing up the foot to the nail bed, white on belly and penis sheath, white under neck, white spreads around neck, above nail into boots, belly, then starts to color head, then muzzle, tail tip. This series seems to be symmetrical--if one part of the body gets white, the other somewhat mirrors it. Seems to end with white crossing flank and hocks with full white collar, body, tail and symmetrical head markings, four boots mimicking a Boston Terrier. Factors or modifiers seem to be the key to how much white. To reduce this breed away from it. White recessives can soon saturate a breed.

Piebald.. A big problem series. Can be carried unknown by a fully coloured dog to appear in offspring when doubled up. Piebald breaks up the body into spots. It is more of a wild type of spotting, not following the symmetry of the Self and Irish Spotting. A small amount of Piebald or a large amount of Piebald can be carried by fully coloured animals. When they double up, you will determine how much the parents are carrying. Piebald gains in white in the following manners: uneven markings appear on the chest, uneven boots (one fully coloured, three white, etc.) rakish half head markings, rings around eye, fully coloured head with body losing colour until only one or two body spots are left. One of the last placed for the body to lose colour is behind the midline or root of tail. Head is the next place to lose color until perhaps just one ear is left coloured. "When the inner ear is without pigment in some breeds from the action of the Piebald gene--as in Dalmatians and Bull Terriers, sometimes the animal is deaf." This study goes on in these breeds as this theory is just one suggested by researchers. The full Piebald white is firmly established in the Shar-Pei breed and must be considered in all breedings. In all white spotting, any colour appearing besides the white will be the colour the dog would have been if he were not white spotted. This includes "ticks" and "roans", thus a Yellow-Red dog with black tipping will be fawn with black tipping on his spots. If white hits where a black mask would be this tick or freckle there will black, etc.

Ticking ..Dominant and factored. It ranges from freckles to fully spotting the areas of white.
Roan Recessive and factored. It ranges from a few flecks to spotting covering all areas of white.
Greying with Age As in Blue and Old English. It is not known if this breed has these genes. It is dominant.

Merle A ragged torn coloration which must have liver or black on which to work well. Doubled up, it produces a type of dominant defective animal with serious defects. Shar-Pei do not have this type of white

*(1) Homozygous - - having a double dose for that factor.
*(2) Points - - nose, lips, eye rims, and foot pads
*(3) Heterozygous - -a double gene - - one dominant factor, one recessive factor.
*(4) Isabella - - A dusty rose color coat with pale blue masking and shading...out of the blue gene
*(5)Yellow-Red - - includes Fawn, cream, red fawn, mahogany, etc
*(6) Allele - - any of a group of possible mutational forms.
*(7) Epistasis - - a dominant type action of one series of genes on another series of genes.
 
Further Definitions: Allele: One of a pair of genes. Heterozygous: One member of a gene pair is chemically different that the other. Hence, the animal can pass a certain characteristic (determined by one gene) to one offspring through a sperm or egg cell and a different characteristic to another. Homozygous: both members of a pair of genes which the animal passes on to its progeny are the same. It cannot transmit any other specific characteristic than what it has to give.
Piebald: Responsible for the "Flowered Shar-Pei"

Fawn Most common color: Includes Light Fawn, Dark Fawn, Red Fawn . Many fawns have a silver hue to their coat. This is not to be mistaken with a blue shading. Gray shading in a fawn coat of a newborn puppy usually indicates that the fawn will shade out to a red fawn.

Cream, includes Dark and Light Cream Usually with shadings of apricot on ears, hocks and dorsal stripe Can have either Black, Charcoal or Brick Nose (mixture of pink and black or charcoal) It is unusual for a cream to not have a dorsal stripe or to not have apricot shading on ears.

Silver/PLATINUM: This unusual colour seems to be part of the cream gene pool. The dog casts a platinum silver shade, light like a cream but without the usual dorsal apricot stripe, some apricot shading to the ears but otherwise a light even silver with a dark mask of charcoal. Some placed these in the category of dark skins creams .

Black: Most blacks in this breed are shaded blacks...with shading of either red, silver, brown or chocolate. True jet blacks are rarely seen in Shar-Pei..The coat is usually dull instead of shiny.

Dilute: Total lack of black pigment. Includes: Cream (with pink or liver points) Apricot or Five Point Red (a deep even red) , Light and Dark Chocolate ( light milk chocolate to dark hershey brown), Lilac ( a blue/chocolate giving the appearance of lavender... .found.only in dilute) All of these have self- coloured points- - nose, pads, nails, lavender tongue colour, lighter eye)

Sable: Even Black or Liver laced hairs over a solid foundation such as Red Sable, Fawn Sable or Sable Dilute (Apricot Dilute with Chocolate hairs laced through. A true sable does not have a lighter butterfly pattern on the chest nor Doberman points on the head. Legs are laced evenly. A Saddle pattern is also not a true sable.

Red: Rare in this breed. Can be shades of Mahogany Red or Orange. Very dark and intense. Usually with very little variation of colour through entire coat. Nails can be black or self coloured. Black nose unless dilute. Eyes can be dark or amber.

Blue Blues can range from very dark blue which is usually seen in brush coats and a light silvery blue usually seen in horse coats. Puppies are all usually lighter in colour at birth. Often with blue eyes at birth...going dark, amber or a yellow blue as adults tongue colour can range from lavender to dark blue. Nails are self colored.

Isabella: A dusty rose colour coat with blue masking on face and a blue dorsal stripe. Darker points, dark or lavender tongue colour . Important: some Isabella's are born completely blue at birth with the only noticeable difference from their blue litter mates is a fawn shading appearing on the top of the head. By 10 weeks or so, the change is dramatic from blue to isabella. Part of the blue gene group.

Lilac Presently the rarest of all colours. A chocolately blue dilute colour giving the appearance of purple. The same colour as an Weimaraner. Always found in dilute only. Darker Lilac is usually found on brush coats and the lighter Lilac is identified in horse coats. Part of the blue gene group.

Flowered: At Least a 3/4 coloured head , often with an inverted "^" in the back of head over a white background. The same colour can be found in patches and ticking throughout the body. Can be found in all colours including blue and sable. Not to be confused with the Irish Spotting Gene..white boots, chest blaze and tip of tail. Most Flowered have either very light or pink tongue colour. Lavender tongues are often found on dilutes. Occasionally can be found with a dark tongue.

The Chinese Shar-Pei is an evolving breed and there is always the possibility of more or varied colours.

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